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Monday 1st July to Sunday 7th July 2024
 
 

An unprecedented 108.4 million people around the world have been forced from their homes - every 2 Seconds a Person is Displaced according to UNHCR

CrisisWatch: Continuing Conflicts That Create Refugees - July 2024

Deteriorated Situations: South China Sea Democratic Republic of Congo Sudan Kenya Burkina Faso Israel/Palestine

Resolution Opportunities: None Improved Situations: None

CrisisWatch monthly conflict tracker highlights five conflict risks in July.

Jihadists in Burkina Faso killed over 100 soldiers in what could amount to the deadliest attack on the military since anti-jihadist operations began in 2015. The incident exposed and fuelled divisions within the armed forces, leading to speculation of threats to the regime’s grip on power.

The spectre of all-out conflict between Israel and Hizbollah loomed large as cross-border attacks intensified, with Israel targeting southern Lebanon with deadly airstrikes and Hizbollah launching major rocket and drone attacks on northern Israel.

The Rapid Support Forces advanced into Sudan’s Sennar state, storming the capital Sinja and forcing thousands to flee. The paramilitary could take over the entire state in coming weeks, expanding hostilities to previously peaceful parts of the country.

Tensions mounted in the run-up to Venezuela’s presidential poll on 28 July as the Maduro government, unwilling to relinquish power, continued to manipulate electoral conditions. Outright fraud remains possible.

CrisisWatch Identified Six Deteriorations in June. Notably:

Israel escalated deadly violence on Palestinians in the West Bank and approved plans to recognise illegal settlements there, as its deadly assault on the Gaza Strip continued.

Thousands took to the streets in Kenya to reject a controversial finance bill, prompting clashes with security forces that left dozens dead and hundreds injured.

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, Islamic State-affiliated Allied Democratic Forces sharply escalated attacks in North Kivu province, killing hundreds of civilians.

China Coast Guard boats shoved into four Philippine navy vessels in the South China Sea, injuring eight navy personnel and further straining ties between Beijing and Manila.

Aside from the scores of conflict situations CrisisWatch regularly assess, we tracked significant developments in: Bolivia, Cuba, Gabon, Honduras, Madagascar, Moldova, New Caledonia and South Africa.

[CrisisWatch Global Conflict Tracker, an early warning tool designed to help prevent deadly violence. It keps decsion-makers up-to-date with developments in over 70 conflicts and crises every month, identifying trends and alerting them to risks of escalation and opportunities to advance peace. In addition, CrisisWatch monitors over 50 situations (“standby monitoring”) to offer timely information if developments indicate a drift toward violence or instability.]

Read more: CrisisWatch, https://shorturl.at/TrnVM


Why Hasn’t Famine Been Declared in Sudan?

Some 755,000 people face starvation in Sudan and there is a risk of famine in 14 parts of the country, according to new data from the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), an expert group of UN agencies, aid groups, and governments that measures food crises. Nearly 26 million people are experiencing acute food insecurity, which is the worst level ever recorded by the IPC in Sudan.

The fact that famine has not been declared by the IPC has been questioned by experts and analysts. Recent research by the Clingendael institute found that 2.5 million could die of hunger and related diseases by September; the US has said “every indication” suggests famine is underway; and famine expert Alex de Waal has said “there is no question” that hundreds of thousands are going to starve.

The IPC’s Sudan chairwoman is a part of the army-dominated, UN-recognised government, whose policy of blocking aid into Rapid Support Forces-held areas is a key driver of the hunger crisis. Writing in Foreign Affairs, de Waal said the army “has a vested interest in avoiding a formal declaration of famine” because that would increase pressure on it to let aid flow.

Read more: New Humanitarian, https://shorturl.at/5XxK4


Bangladesh: At least two million people – including 772,000 children at major risk of drowning, malnutrition, and illness – have been affected by ongoing flooding in northeastern Bangladesh. Farmland and residential homes remain submerged in Sylhet district, considered one of the nation’s main economic hubs.


Vietnam: EU Should Better Address Intensifying Repression

Another round of EU-Vietnam Human Rights Dialogue has started. There have been many such dialogues over the years, with little impact on repression in Vietnam. The EU and Vietnam have engaged in human rights discussions since the 1990s. Over the years, the Vietnamese government has made very little progress on numerous issues raised by EU officials, and in recent years its repression has considerably intensified

These fruitless dialogues merely cultivate the illusion of addressing Vietnam’s human rights crackdown. Only targeted sanctions and concrete consequences for political and trade relations will flag to Hanoi that the EU is serious about human rights,
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The EU needs to get serious. https://shorturl.at/EucCI


 

 

Nine in 10 Top Global Companies Failing To Uphold Human Rights

More than 90 percent of the world’s 2,000 most influential companies, including Amazon, BMW, Nestle, Rio Tinto, Pfizer, Shein, and Standard Chartered, are failing to meet societal expectations towards human rights, working conditions and corporate ethics, a first-of-its-kind assessment has found. Despite commanding revenues equal to 45 percent of the global economy, the world’s top companies are missing the opportunity to positively affect the lives of hundreds of millions of people, the nonprofit World Benchmarking Alliance said in a report released on Tuesday 2nd July 2024..

“The companies have resources and influence equivalent to some of the biggest countries, impacting more people than the populations of many nations. The fact that 90 percent of these companies are failing to act on fundamental social expectations shows the state of play of the private sector,” said Namit Agarwal, social transformation lead at the WBA, which tracks companies’ commitment to the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

“Demonstrating leadership in creating an equal, inclusive, and just world could significantly aid governments in eradicating poverty, reducing inequality, and ensuring access to decent work for all. Regulation, guidance, and external pressure are necessary to steer businesses in the right direction,” Agarwal added.

Read more: Erin Hale, Aljazeera, https://shorturl.at/mNzeG


States Must Create New and More Flexible Pathways For Regular Migration

Undocumented Migrants: We Should Belong - No longer invisible - No longer stateless

“Facilitating Regular Pathways to a Better Future: Harnessing the Power of Migration”

The UK’s current hostile environment policies starkly contrast with its purported commitment to human rights. The Home Office continues to threaten, detain, and enforce returns against those denied the right to live here, while denying basic rights such as the right to rent, work, and access universal healthcare. For much of the global population outside Europe, accessing the UK remains extremely difficult, compelling some to take perilous journeys to seek safety and opportunity. For those already in the UK with irregularised immigration status, the regularisation mechanisms are largely inaccessible, exacerbating the vulnerabilities imposed on and experienced by undocumented people. Furthermore, the UK failed to mention the vulnerabilities created by their restrictive temporary visas, which have driven some migrant workers who came via ‘regular pathways,’ such as agricultural and care workers, into exploitative conditions.

Regular pathways need to provide security, safety, and support for migrants and refugees, not precarity. We urgently call for more accessible pathways and regularisation mechanisms that offer both immediate and long-term human security for migrants, enabling our full enjoyment of rights in transit and in the societies we choose to live in. This is essential to address vulnerabilities and prevent the exploitation and abuse that arise from irregularised migration and status. In the long run, global freedom of movement is the most equitable way to ensure justice and dignity for all.

Read more: REGULARISE
Regular pathways are needed to provide security, safety, and support for migrants and refugees, not ‘precarity’ (a state of persistent insecurity with regard to employment or income). We urgently call for more accessible pathways and regularisation mechanisms that offer both immediate and long-term human security for migrants, enabling our full enjoyment of rights in transit and in the societies we choose to live in. This is essential to address vulnerabilities and prevent the exploitation and abuse that arise from irregularised migration and status. In the long run, global freedom of movement is the most equitable way to ensure justice and dignity for all.

View Source: https://shorturl.at/4G0wR


Haiti: Violence Displaces One Child Every Minute

Continued violence and instability in Haiti has resulted in the displacement of over 300,000 children, with an estimated one child being displaced every minute since March, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) said on Tuesday 2nd July 2024. “The humanitarian catastrophe unfolding before our eyes is taking a devastating toll on children. Displaced children are in desperate need of a safe and protective environment, and increased support and funding from the international community,” she said.

Across the country, an estimated three million children are in need of humanitarian assistance, against a backdrop of years of political turmoil, widespread poverty, rampant disease and multiple disasters.Displaced children in Haiti face heightened risks of violence, including sexual assault, exploitation, abuse and family separation. Their access to essential services such as safe spaces, healthcare, and clean water and sanitation is severely disrupted.

Poor hygiene conditions in camps and makeshift settlements increase their susceptibility to diseases like cholera, while school closures and economic constraints driven by the violence have forced many children to abandon their education. Furthermore, with few other means of survival or protection, children are increasingly forced to join armed groups – a clear violation of their rights and a breach of international law, UNICEF stressed.

Read more: UNICCEF, https://shorturl.at/1QCJk


89 Migrants Dead After Boat Capsizes Off Mauritania

“The Mauritanian coast guard recovered the bodies of 89 people aboard a large traditional fishing boat that capsized on Monday July 1 on the coast of the Atlantic ocean” about four kilometres (2.5 miles) from the country’s south-west city of Ndiago, the state news agency said.The agency quoted survivors saying the boat had set sail from the border of Senegal and Gambia with 170 passengers on board, bringing the number of missing to 72. A senior local government official gave AFP similar information, on condition of anonymity.

The coastguard rescued nine people, including a five-year-old girl, the state news agency said. The Atlantic route is particularly dangerous due to strong currents, with migrants travelling in overloaded, often unseaworthy, boats without enough drinking water. However, it has grown in popularity due to increased vigilance in the Mediterranean. The number of migrants landing at Spain’s Canary Islands in 2023 more than doubled in one year to a record 39,910, according to the Spanish government.

Read more: Guardian, https://shorturl.at/eFUvt


 

 

 

 

 

 

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Opinions Regarding Immigration Bail


36 Deaths Across the UK Detention Estate

UK Human Rights and Democracy 2020


Hunger Strikes in Immigration Detention

Charter Flights January 2016 Through December 2020


A History of
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Immigration Solicitors

Judicial Review


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