Asylum Q2 April/May/June 2017
In the year ending June 2017, 16,211 people were granted asylum, resettlement or an alternative form of protection. There were 9,350 grants of asylum or an alternative form of protection following an in-country application, and an additional 6,861 people were provided with protection and support under a resettlement scheme in the UK. In total, this is a 7% increase from 15,108 in the previous year.
Asylum applications in the UK from main applicants decreased by 25% to 27,316 in the year ending June 2017.
There were 2,944 asylum applications from UASC in the year ending June 2017, a 17% decrease compared to the previous year (3,545). Overall, UASC applications represented 11% of all main applications for asylum.
Of the 22,982 initial decisions on asylum applications from main applicants, 34% were grants of asylum or an alternative form of protection, compared to 38% in the previous year. A separate Home Office analysis shows that for the years 2013 to 2015, on average 37% of decisions were granted initially, but this proportion rose to 52% after appeal.
There were 1,096 grants of asylum or an alternative form of protection to Syrian nationals at initial decision in the year ending June 2017 and an additional 5,637 Syrian nationals were granted humanitarian protection under the Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme (VPRS). Since this scheme began in 2014, a total of 8,535 people have been resettled.
In 2016, the largest number of applications for asylum came from nationals of Iran (4,184), followed by Pakistan (2,870), Iraq (2,672), Afghanistan (2,329), and Bangladesh (1,944).
Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Children
A UASC is a person under 18, or in the absence of documentary evidence establishing age, appears to be under 18, who is applying for asylum in his or her own right and has no relative or guardian in the United Kingdom.
There were 2,944 asylum applications from UASC in the year ending June 2017, a 17% decrease compared to the previous year (3,545). Overall, UASC applications represented 11% of all main applications for asylum.Of the 1,691 initial decisions relating to UASC made in the year ending June 2017, 50% were grants of asylum or another form of protection, and 29% were grants of temporary leave (UASC leave). UASC applicants that are refused will include those from countries where it is safe to return children to their families, as well as some applicants who were determined to be over 18 following an age assessment.
Support Provided To Asylum Seekers
At the end of June 2017, a total of 38,954 people were receiving a cash allowance, somewhere to live, or both, in the UK (under Section 95 of the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999). This number has increased from 37,030 at the end of June 2016. The total figure remains considerably below that for the end of 2003 (the start of the published data series), when there were 80,123 people in receipt of Section 95 support.
In addition to those asylum seekers who apply in the UK, resettlement schemes are offered to those who have been referred to the Home Office by The United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR).
On 7 September 2015, an expansion to the existing VPRS was announced. Through this expansion, it was proposed that 20,000 people in need of protection be resettled in the UK by 2020. So far 8,535 people have been granted humanitarian protection under the VPRS since the scheme began, and in the year ending June 2017, 5,637 people were resettled under the VPRS across 246 different local authorities. Around half (51%) of those resettled under the VPRS were under 18 years old (2,872), and around half (47%) were female (2,670).
Including dependants, there were an estimated 914,900 asylum applications to the EU in the year ending June 2017, a decrease of 40% compared to the year ending June 2016 (1,536,400).
Country of application Total applications Total positive decisions
Germany 722,265 433,910
Italy 121,185 35,400
France 75,990 28,750
Greece 49,875 2,710
Austria 39,860 30,370
United Kingdom 39,357 9,944
Currently Recorded Outcomes For 2016 Applications
The outcomes for the 30,747 main applicants who applied for asylum in 2016, as with previous cohorts, will be updated in subsequent annual reports. However, as at May 2017, it is estimated that 7,370 (24%) main applicants were ultimately granted asylum, humanitarian protection or discretionary leave, either at initial decision or after appeal; 11,163 (36%) were refused or withdrawn; and two-fifths (40%; 12,214) were awaiting confirmation of an initial decision or appeal outcome.
Source: Home Office Statistical Release Q2/2017 - http://bit.ly/2vioK
Deportation/Detention Q2 April/May/June 2017
The number of people entering detention in year ending June 2017 decreased by 12% to 27,819 from 31,593 in the previous year. Over the same period there was a 13% decrease in those people leaving detention (from 32,067 to 27,862).
As at the end of June 2017, 2,994 (of which, 2 were children) people were in detention, 4% more than the number recorded at the end of June 2016 (2,878). In addition, as at 26 June 2017, there were 360 detainees held in prison establishments in England and Wales solely under immigration powers as set out in the Immigration Act 1971 or UK Borders Act 2007.
The number of children entering detention in year ending June 2017 was 48, 65% lower than the previous year (137). This was a 96% fall compared with the beginning of the data series in 2009 (1,119).
The proportion of detainees being returned or voluntarily departing from the UK on leaving detention increased from 44% in year ending June 2016 to 48% in year ending June 2017.
The total number of enforced returns from the UK, including those not directly from detention, decreased by 3% to 12,542 in the year ending June 2017 compared with 12,944 in the previous year. This includes 10,642 enforced removals and 1,900 other returns from detention. In the same period, there were 22,822 voluntary returns (excluding returns from detention).
Of the 12,542 enforced returns in year ending June 2017, there were 1,970 enforced returns of people who had previously sought asylum, down 30% from the previous year (2,813).
In the year ending June 2017, provisional data show that 6,071 Foreign National Offenders (FNOs) were returned compared to 6,064 in the previous year (see Returns table rt_06q). This is the one of the highest number since the series began in 2009 and reflects increasing use of other forms of FNO returns, including those where an offence was committed outside the UK.
Length of Detention
During the year ending June 2017, 27,862 people left detention. Of these, 64% had been in detention for less than 29 days, 17% for between 29 days and 2 months, and 11% for between 2 and 4 months. Of the 1,943 (7%) remaining, 172 had been in detention for between 1 and 2 years, and 28 for 2 years or longer. Of the 46 children leaving detention, 38 had been detained for seven days or less, three for between 8 and 14 days, three for between 15 and 28 days and two for between 29 days and 2 months.
In the same period, over a third (35%) of people leaving detention had been detained for 7 days or less (9,717). Of these, 56% (5,401) were returned; 42% (4,100) were granted temporary admission or release (TA/TR); and the remainder were either bailed (52), granted leave to enter (LTE) or leave to remain (LTR) (38), or released for other reasons (126). Of the 200 people detained for 12 months or more, 33% were bailed, 32% were returned, and 32% were granted TA/TR.
As at 30 June 2017, the longest length of time a person had been currently detained for was 1,514 days.
Returns by Nationality
The highest number of enforced returns in the year ending June 2017 was for Romanian nationals (1,847; 15% of the total), of which 1,725 (93%) were returned home. The number of enforced returns for Albanian nationals has been decreasing since October 2016 and is now ranked second after Romania. Some of these returns may relate to specific enforcement activity related to specific groups of individuals from these countries.
Enforced Returns of EU Nationals
EU nationals may be returned for not exercising, or abusing, Treaty rights or for deportation on public policy grounds (such as criminality).
There were 20% more enforced returns (5,301) of EU nationals in the year ending June 2017 compared with the previous 12 months (4,424), and 26% more EU nationals were refused entry at port and who subsequently departed (2,726 compared to 2,158). Nationals of Romania and Poland counted for 60% of EU enforced returns compared to 57% the same time a year ago.
Source: Home Office Statistical Release Q@/2017 - http://bit.ly/2w6UVf7