No-Deportations - Residence Papers for All

            What Moves
the World to Move?

              Never Doubt

The Butchers Apron

           Nellie de jongh

       Winning Campaigns

Hunger Strikes in Immigratin Detention
Self-Harm in Immigration Detention
34 Deaths Across the UK Detention Estate
Families/Individuals who Campaigned Against Deportation and Won


Immigration Solicitors



News & Views Monday 3rd February to Sunday 9th February 2020


Hundreds of Salvadorans Deported by USA Killed Or Abused

At least 200 Salvadoran migrants and asylum seekers have been killed, raped or tortured after being deported back to El Salvador by the United States government which is turning a blind eye to widely known dangers, a new investigation reveals. Human Rights Watch has documented 138 deported Salvadorans murdered by gang members, police, soldiers, death squads and ex-partners between 2013 and 2019. The majority were killed within two years of deportation by the same perpetrators they had tried to escape by seeking safety in the US. The report, Deported to Danger: United States deportation policies expose Salvadorans to death and abuse, also identifies more than 70 others who were subjected to beatings, sexual assault and extortion – usually at the hand of gangs – or who went missing after being returned. El Salvador, the most densely populated country in Central America with just over 6 million citizens, has one of the world’s highest rates of homicide and sexual violence. In addition, almost 11,000 people were registered missing during the last decade - more than the number of people who disappeared during the 1979-1992 civil war.

Read more: Nina Lakhani, Guardian,

Continuing Conflicts That Create Refugees - February 2020

 Deteriorated Situations: Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Somalia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria, Venezuela, Israel/Palestine, Lebanon, Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.

 Conflict Risk Alerts: Central African Republic, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.

In January, the security situation in the Sahel deteriorated, especially in central Mali, western Niger and northern Burkina Faso, where suspected jihadists inflicted a heavy toll on civilians. In Nigeria, Boko Haram stepped up attacks and jihadist group Ansaru claimed its first attack since 2013.
Al-Shabaab intensified deadly raids in Kenya, and violence rose in Cameroon’s Anglophone areas and eastern DR Congo. Political tensions increased in Somalia’s Galmudug state and Guinea-Bissau, and security forces hardened a crackdown in neighbouring Guinea.
February could see fighting erupt in Somalia’s Gedo region, escalate in the Central African Republic, and resurge in South Sudan where leaders face a new deadline to form a unity government.
The U.S.’s killing of Soleimani caused U.S.-Iran tensions to soar, and Iraq felt the brunt of the fallout. Fighting intensified in northern Yemen and across the Yemen-Saudi Arabia border raising the risk that violence spread.
Fighting looks set to escalate in north west Syria as Turkish forces strike back against government troops. The U.S.’s release of its peace plan for Israel-Palestine triggered an angry backlash and in Lebanon clashes between protesters and security forces intensified.
Venezuela’s political crisis deepened, but on the up side, the security situation in El Salvador improved, a key insurgent group in Thailand joined formal peace talks, Kosovo’s three-month political deadlock ended, and February could see a deal between Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan to resolve their dispute over the Nile waters.

Read more: International Crisis Group,

Home Office Seeks Man’s Deportation to Country he Never Visited

In the recent case of Akinyemi v SSHD (No. 2) [2019] EWCA Civ 2098, the Court of Appeal was faced with an unusual set of facts in the context of the deportation of a foreign national. The appellant was born in the UK to Nigerian parents and had spent his entire life in the UK. The court had to decide whether the Home Office’s decision to deport him to Nigeria, a country he had never even visited, but of which he was nonetheless a national by virtue of his parents, was proportionate.

The appellant was a serial offender with a string of criminal convictions, including causing death by dangerous driving and possession of drugs with intent to supply. After his father acquired indefinite leave to remain, he could have applied for British citizenship under the British Nationality Act 1981, but failed to do so. With the subsequent introduction of the Home Office’s severely restrictive policy on the good character requirement for nationality applications, the appellant became unable to apply for British citizenship because of his inability to satisfy this requirement on account of his repeat offending.

This case had an extensive procedural history, reaching the Court of Appeal for the second time in a few years. Initially, the Secretary of State for the Home Department (“SSHD”) had ordered the appellant’s deportation back in 2014. That decision was eventually set aside by the Court of Appeal on the basis that the judge in the Upper Tribunal (“UT”) had misdirected themselves, mistakenly holding that since the appellant was in the country unlawfully, little weight had to be given to any private life he had established in the UK, as prescribed under the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002. In fact, it was held that the judge was wrong to conclude the appellant’s presence in the UK was unlawful, and that he was entitled to apply for British citizenship for many years, until the introduction of the good character requirement for registration applications, but that he had simply failed to do so. Thereafter, he remained in the country without breaking immigration law, but he no longer qualified for citizenship because of his criminal convictions. As a result, the case was sent to the UT for reconsideration.

Read more:  Gherson Immigration,

Asylum Research Consultancy (ARC)  Country of Information Update Vol. 210

This document provides an update of UK Country Guidance case law, UK Home Office publications and developments in refugee producing countries (focusing on those which generate the most asylum seekers in the UK) between 21 January and 3 February 2020.

Death of Immigration Detainee Prince Kwabena
The inquest into the death of Prince Kwabena Fosu opened on Monday 3rd February. Prince died at Harmondsworth Immigration Removal Centre (IRC) on the morning of 30 October 2012. The inquest had been postponed pending consideration by the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) of criminal charges against the private companies responsible for Prince’s care. Prince, a Ghanaian national, was 31 when he died. He is survived by his wife, child and parents. Prince had been in Harmondsworth for just six days and was segregated throughout that time, before being found naked and without bedding in a cell peppered with debris.

The CPS declined to bring corporate manslaughter charges, but on 14 April 2017 authorised criminal charges against GEO Group UK Ltd, which then ran Harmondsworth, and Nestor Primecare Services Ltd, which provided healthcare services. The charges were for a breach to section 3 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974. However, that decision was reversed 18 months later meaning that no criminal proceedings would be brought. Primecare has since gone into administration.

The family look forward to the full consideration of the actions of all those who were tasked with Prince’s welfare. They hope that the inquest will finally determine the circumstances and cause of Prince’s death, and go some way to ensuring that no other detainee dies in such inhumane and degrading conditions. Over a year before Prince’s death, Brian Dalrymple, 35, died in Colnbrook IRC in July 2011, having been transferred there from Harmondsworth just a few days earlier. His death involved many of the same staff, and the inquest in 2014 uncovered failures in recognising and responding to signs of mental ill health and distress.
On 30 October 2012 Prince Fosu died in Harmondsworth Immigration Removal Centre.

On 15 May 2014 the police provided the CPS with a case file, for consideration of criminal charges.

On 3 April 2017 the CPS announced their decision that criminal charges will be brought against GEO and Primecare under the Health and Safety at Work Act. On 30 October 2018 the CPS reversed that decision.

Combating Human Trafficking and Disappearances of Refugee Children

The Council of Europe should “do more to combat human trafficking and to ensure that its legal standards are adequate and implemented by all member States”, the Parliamentary Assembly declared today during a joint debate.

In an adopted resolution, based on the report prepared by Vernon Coaker (United Kingdom, SOC), the Assembly noted with deep concern the high numbers of victims of human trafficking in Europe, “of which the largest proportion concerns the exploitation of the prostitution of others, forced labour and organ trafficking as well as trafficking for the purpose of forced marriage and illegal adoption”.

Preventing trafficking and providing protection to victims “must be of highest priority”, the parliamentarians said. For this purpose, member States should in particular ensure that victims of human trafficking are not penalised, that they receive adequate health services and legal assistance, and that witness protection programmes exist for their testimony against human traffickers.

During the same debate, the Assembly called on national parliaments and governments of the Member States to do "whatever is necessary and required in the best interests of the child" to avoid the disappearance of thousands of child refugees and migrants around the world.

Read more: Council of Europe,

Unlawful Detention Deemed Even Less Graceful

This briefing will doubtless be an important aid for immigration detainees seeking to challenge their continued detention for no other reason than administrative delay. It will also put even more pressure on the Home Office and Probation Service to ensure that practical arrangements for effecting release start to be considered once release becomes a realistic possibility.

In AC (Algeria) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 36, the Court of Appeal gave a trenchant warning that once it ceases to be lawful to detain an individual, the ‘grace period’ allowed within which to make arrangements for release can only be a short period. Moreover, the reasons for which any such grace period is required will be be closely scrutinised by the courts.

Unsurprisingly, there continue to be a very significant number of judicial review and county court claims for unlawful detention brought by current and former immigration detainees. What is perhaps more interesting is that despite the relatively well-understood law governing the lawfulness of immigration detention the precise legal limits of the Home Secretary’s power to detain for immigration purposes continue to be tested and developed.

Read more: Dominic Ruck Keene, UK Human Rights Blog,